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|Clausewitzian "Trinity" demonstration device
is a key concept in Clausewitzian theory, which Clausewitz illustrated
by referring to this scientific device. You can obtain the ROMP (Randomly
Oscillating Magnetic Pendulum) from science toy stores for about $15. From Amazon.com.
The "Trinity" is a key concept in Clausewitzian theory, which Clausewitz illustrated by referring to this scientific device, a ROMP (Randomly Oscillating Magnetic Pendulum). You can get one from science toy stores for about $15. Here's a link to Amazon.com, one dealer who advertises the device.
For graphic visual metaphors for Clausewitz's Trinity, click here.
This animation is a .gif created for Clausewitz.com to illustrate
the article "Jomini and Clausewitz: Their Interaction."
See other images of Jomini.
The animations below are copyrighted by others but managed by Clausewitz.com).
Please do not use without posting credit and a link.
This is an illustration for the article "Reclaiming the Clausewizian Trinity." Created for Clausewitz.com, © artist Rex Sutton. It is a transparent .gif requiring a black background.
This is "Clausewitz in Hell," created for Clausewitz.com, © Rex Sutton. It illustrates John Keegan's devilish—and ignorant—view of Clausewitz. It is a transparent .gif requiring a black background.
There are basically two known portraits of Clausewitz, probably only one from life, with a large number of variations. The first is a portrait of Clausewitz in Russian uniform, made c.1813 or 1814. These below are the best images of it we can find (though neither appears to be the full painting). The image at the right (below) is an enhanced version of a picture of the original portrait from ASMZ [Allgemeine Schweizerische Militärzeitschrift], a Swiss military publication. ASMZ attributes the image to Werner Hahlweg, Klassiker der Kriegskunst (Darmstadt 1960), p.256. The location of the original portrait, originally in the possession of the Clausewitz family, is unknown to us, though there is a poor copy at the Führungsakademie der Bundeswehr. The left-hand image is from an unknown source but also appears to be of the original portrait.
The painting on the wall is a copy of the lost portrait showing Clausewitz in a Russian lieutenant-colonel's uniform. This copy, which seems a bit primitive, was given to GeneralMajor Beck, commandant of the Führungsakademie of the German Bundeswehr, when he visited the Russian Military Academy in 2005. The photo below, taken by Vanya Eftimova Bellinger but heavily processed to bring out detail, minimize glare, and correct for perspective distortion, is of a copy of the original. It hangs in the Clausewitz Museum in Burg. Bellinger thinks it possible that the original portrait was painted by his wife Marie.
Marie von Clausewitz painted the portrait above of General (later Field Marshal) August Neidhardt von Gneisenau around 1815. Gneisenau was one of Carl von Clausewitz's mentors. This painting is obviously of high, fully professional quality. The original portrait of Clausewitz in Russian uniform, the whereabouts of which are unknown, was likely also her work. The copy we have (left) is much poorer work.
The version of Clausewitz's portrait below was reconstructed by cloning a photo of the original painting into a photo of the copy in Burg.
The second portrait of Clausewitz is the original full-color portrait by Wilhelm Wach, painted—allegedly—in 1830, but it may in fact be a posthumous portrait based on the earlier 1813/14 painting. It appears in many forms and derivative images. The painting itself is very small, 26x21 cm. One of the pictures below may be of the original painting. Black and white images are often either from B&W photos of the original painting or of various copies of the b&w or the color lithograph, prints of which vary widely in quality. Also, numerous drawings and posterizations have been made based on these basic images.
This image on the left is copyrighted by the owners, who prefer to remain anonymous. If you wish to use this image, on the web or in print (we have a higher-resolution version), you must request permission through The Clausewitz Homepage. We will convey your request to the owners.
A very slick new version. This painting is a recent copy based on the Wach portrait, which was lost during World War 2. It was commissioned by the Clausewitz Gesellschaft in 1999 and presented to the Führungsakademie of the German Bundeswehr in Hamburg in that year. We took this file from http://www.cominganarchy.com/archives/2005/11/16/god-of-war/.
This black & white detail immediately above, allegedly from the lithograph done afterWach's painting by Franz Michelis the younger, is quite different from the color litho—but it appears to be yet another distinct work. Each print is unique, and there appears to be a great deal of variation among them.
Below (left) is a watercolor, drawn from some version of Wach's portrait, widely used in French treatments of Clausewitz. (See more variations below.)
A version included in many German editions of Clausewitz's collected works.
Clausewitz's wife and editor Marie von Clausewitz, born Marie Sophie Gräfin von Brühl [Countess Marie Sophie von Brühl] (1779-1836). This is the only portrait presently known to exist, a lithograph based on a lost painting done c.1800. Clausewitz thought this was a good likeness but thought the yes were not quite correct. (This background is based on information from researcher Vanya Bellinger.)
Illustration from Karl Schwartz, Leben des Generals Carl von Clausewitz und der Frau Marie von Clausewitz, geb. Gräfin von Brühl: Mit Briefen, Aufsätzen, Tagebüchern und anderen Schriftstücken (Berlin: Ferd. Dümmlers Verlags-Buchhandlung, 1878). The rather frumpy-looking bonnet she is wearing is actually a political statement—it is a "bonnet a la Nelson,” i.e., a fashionable celebration of Lord Nelson’s 1798 victory in the Battle of the Nile. Given Prussia's neutrality at the time, this would have been a strong statement at court.
The portrait seen in the block to the right is a detail from the painting "Die Tafelrunde" by Josef Schneider, which shows Clausewitz drinking with some prominent comrades in Mainz in 1815. It is displayed on the Clausewitz Homepage by courtesy of the Headquarters of the German Army Forces Command, Koblenz (HQ GARFCOM). They hold the copyright and have been known to supply high-quality photographs of it to facilitate high-quality print reproduction.
A fellow named Oliver Schmidt tells us that the painting was made in 1966, a gift from the municipality to the Bundeswehr corps command in Koblenz, in commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the existence of an army corps headquarters in the town. The painter, Josef Schneider, was living in the village Emmelshausen (25 km south of Koblenz) and got 3500 DM for his work. Schmidt cites Rüdiger Wischemann, "Die 'Tafelrunde im von-der-Leyenschen Hof': ein Koblenzer Tafelbild von Josef Schneider, Emmelshausen." Berlin: dissertation.de, 2003, ISBN: 3898257576.
Here's a thumbnail of the whole painting.
For a list of who's who in this painting, click this image.
Here's a detail of the main group.
The Schneider portrait of Clausewitz is a mirror image of the Wach/Michelis image.
Clausewitz in 1815
A friendly caricature, by David Levine in the
New York Review of Books, 14 OCT 1976.
(Prints available from NYRB. Click image for link.)
ABOVE: ©Artist Rainer Ehrt, "Prussian Roulette" ("Preußisches Roulette") Karikatur, Am Spieltisch mit der Landkarte Europas mit Wilhelm I, Bismarck, Friedrich II (der Grosse), Leopold von Anhalt-Dessau, Schlieffen, Clausewitz, Wilhelm II, und Hindenburg, 1999. Posted to The Clausewitz Homepage by permission of the artist. More artwork by Julia and Rainer Ehrt can be found at http://www.edition-ehrt.de/ and http://ehrt-cartoon.de/.
All images in this section are © Rainer Ehrt.
Detail from Rainer Ehrt, "Little Prussian Court Theater." A thumbnail of the full cartoon is shown below.
Click image to see larger version.
Click image to see larger version.
From Rainer Ehrt, Preußischer Bilderbogen
(Parthas Verlag Berlin 2011), ISBN 3869640499
"Clausewitz is cool."
From Zenpundit and The ChicagoBoyz
Click images below to visit original URL.
Clausewitz as fractal
"Hare von Clausewitz"
From "The Children's Illustrated Clausewitz"
|Small (16 x 20-inch) poster.
Available from CafePress.
Large (23 x 35-inch) poster.
Available from CafePress.
Poster - Mugs - Etc.
AKG (see contact info below) can provide either transparency, print or high-res scan (356 DPI, opens as 25 megabites, jpeg not tiff format) of the color lithograph portrait in either color or black & white. Charges will depend on your intended use, number of copies to be reproduced, etc. These images are thumbnails.
AKG London Ltd
5 Melbray Mews
158 Hurlingham Road
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7610 6103
Fax: +44 (0) 20 7610 6125
If you are outside the UK, Ireland, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand or Hong Kong, please contact the Berlin office:
Archiv fur Kunst und Geschichte
Tel: +49 (0) 30 80485200 Fax: +49 (0) 30 80485500
If you are in France, please contact the Paris office:
67 Rue Notre-Dame des Champs
This image (above) is copyrighted by the owners, who prefer to remain anonymous. If you wish to use this image, on the web or in print (we have a higher-resolution version), you must request permission through The Clausewitz Homepage (click HERE).
The painting "Die Tafelrunde" by Josef Schneider, shown in thumbnail above, is displayed on the Clausewitz Homepage by courtesy of the Headquarters of the German Army Forces Command, Koblenz (HQ GARFCOM). They hold the copyright and have been known to supply high-quality photographs of it to facilitate high-quality print reproduction. There is more info on this image above.
There are original bronze busts of Clausewitz (some quite different from one another) at the German Army's War College; the U.S. National War College
in Washington, DC (which is the one shown above, done c.2000 in Hamburg by an artist named Büsching, based on the Bundeswehr's version); and the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, PA.
The original bust in the Führungsakademie der Bundeswehr in Hamburg, Germany. Click for larger image.
Here's a bust shown on the Clausewitz Gessellschaft's website. In 1989, at what is now the Carl von Clausewitz Kaserne in Burg, the East German Volksarmee unveiled this bronze bust. There is a very similar bust—possibly the same one—in the Clausewitz Museum in Burg.
A smaller, U.S.-made bust (URL is no longer available).
And here's one available for sale from Historia Souvenir, in Leipzig, Germany.
(The bust, c.60mm high, is described here.)
Buste des Generals Clausewitz im Zeughaus zu Berlin.
Deutsches Historisches Museum, InventarNr: Kg 62/45.
DHM inventory data.
It would be nice to know more about the history of this bust.
Photo from the Burg Zeitung, "Die Jahre des Carl von Clausewitz
in seiner Geburtsstadt: Mit zwolf Lebensjahren aus Burg Entsshwunden?," evidently published in 2000.
Also from the Clausewitz Gessellschaft, the "Ehrenmedaille General Carl von Clausewitz" for outstanding achievement at the German war college.
Nazi Propaganda Poster
The Nazi Party's Central Propaganda Office (the Reichspropagandaleitung ) produced a weekly poster with a quotation that could be displayed in party offices, public buildings, etc."The time is yours. What happens with it depends on you. Clausewitz." (#37 for 8-14 September 1940). SOURCE
Clausewitz and Sun Tzu
Image used by The Economist's "Clausewitz" blog.
The Clausewitz Family Tree. Click image for a 1300x900-pixel version.
This is a contribution from Olaf Thiel und Bernd Domsgen of The Clausewitz Society
in Clausewitz's hometown of Burg, Germany.
E-Mail Adressen für Fragen, Hinweise und Anregungen.
[This address is provided as an un-linked image, for security.]
Variations on Clausewitz's portraits
A child's drawing.
Jomini and Clausewitz
(Click here for more images of Jomini.)
By Anselm Kiefer, c.1982/87. Woodcuts and acrylic on cut and pasted papers
125 3/8 x 151 3/4 in. (317.8 x 385.4 cm)
This painting shows Clausewitz
in a Russian general's uniform
(though Clausewitz was never a
Russian general). It appears to be
(rather poorly) based on the
Wach portrait, which was lost
during World War 2. We do not
know the location of this painting.
French versions (above and below).
A Spanish version, drawn by Edgar Lugos' father in 1982.
A Chinese version.
A Russian version.
An East German soldier guarding Clausewitz's tomb.
Clausewitz's tomb. Note the correct spelling of his name (Carl Philipp Gottfried von Clausewitz).